Socialinio darbuotojo ir grupės sąveika
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Group psychotheraphy (encounter group) methods nowadays are widely applied in very different areas of life. Group work is more economical than individual, because at the same time we can help for group of people, not for one individual. During this process individuals can help each other better than social worker, because they all have similar problems and similar expieriance. They can learn from each other, but it is very important that they need to be controlled by somebody. Social work as we know is very wide pactice, we can work individually or in groups. We are interested in group work. During this process group leader, social worker, must continually follow and analyse group process. There are five main phases of group developement and each of them is very important. First is orientation pase; next – fight for power pase; trust; differentiation and parting phases. Improvement of al group situation and state of mind depends from psychoterapical elements, and we can mention the most important of them. They are: stimulation of hope, universality of problems, briefing of group members, altruism, development of social skills, emulation, catharsis, social learning, group saturation, existential elements etc.