Administrative Justice System in Lithuania: Genesis, Development and Tendencies
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The article presents the development of the Lithuanian administrative justice system. Administrative justice is understood as a specialized system for resolving disputes arising in the field of public administration. The origins of Lithuanian administrative justice are linked to the works of legal scholars before the Second World War. During that period, professors M. Romeris and P. Leonas focused on the issue of administrative justice and control of the legality of administrative actions in their researches. Lithuanian scholars already justified the need for administrative justice before the war, modeled a possible system of administrative justice, but their theoretical insights and draft laws on the establishment of an administrative court were not implemented until the restoration of Lithuania's independence. Only in 1999 specialized administrative courts were established in Lithuania. Also during that period, special pre-trial administrative dispute resolution institutions were established: the Supreme Commission for Administrative Disputes and Tax Disputes Commission. The structural reform of Lithuanian administrative courts and the Supreme Commission for Administrative Disputes took place in 2018. The system of administrative justice is still being reformed and new bills have been submitted to Parliament. Therefore, the article discusses the changes that have already taken place and the changes in administrative justice in Lithuania planned for the near future.
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