Gyvenimo kokybės matavimo rodiklių sistema ir vertinimo modelis
Rakauskienė, Ona Gražina
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The studies conducted by well-known foreign (Eric Allardt, Barbara Kay Haas, Robert A. Cummins, Andrew G. White, Ruut Veenhoven, Joseph Stiglitz, Amartya Sen, Jean-Paul Fitoussi, Robert Reich, Paul Krugman, etc.) and Lithuanian researchers (Povilas Gilys, Boguslavas Gruževskis, Arvydas Guogis, Vida Kanopienė, Romas Lazutka, Arvydas Matulionis, Violeta Pukelienė etc.) support the argument that general economic indicators (GDP, inflation, budget deficit) do not always reflect the real economic situation of a country. The efficiency of economic policy is shown by indicators of the quality of life of the population, hence evaluation of the state of the country’s economy needs to focus on quality of life indicators. Economic growth, expressed as GDP, cannot be equated with the steady improvement of the quality of life. A paradoxical situation often occurs, when macro-economic indicators show that a country is making rapid progress, whereas social ones show that it is lagging behind. Although it seems self-evident that the growing GDP indicators and characteristics of the post-industrial economy should improve the quality of life of the population, the current economic system does not perform this function. The determinants of the quality of life are proportions of redistribution of the generated GDP and an efficient, and equitable distribution of resources, rather than the volume of GDP.