Kūrybingumo ir kitų su kūryba susijusių žodžių apibrėžčių diskurso analizė lietuvių kalbos žodynuose
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Describing the phenomenon of creativity, naming the activity/process related to creation, the obtained result, the performer of the action, describing the action related to creation, etc. Lithuanian scientists, businessmen, artists, etc. use various terms in the works: creation, creating, works of art, creator, creative (kūrybinis, kūrybiškas, kūrybingas). Especially many difficulties are caused by the usage of words creativeness (kūrybingumas) and creativity (kūrybiškumas), which are used not systemically, interchangeably to name the same aspects of creation. The question arises what causes difficulties for users to properly use these words according to the meaning and to maintain consistency in the use of terms in the Lithuanian language. The question can be answered having analyzed word-formation aspect and definitions of these words in dictionaries. With this in mind, the research aim is to discuss the meanings of the terms creativeness and creativity and other related terms (creation, creating, works of art, creator, creative) in the word-formation aspect, to analyze the definitions of the said words in dictionaries, and to discuss the situation of giving the definition in the Lithuanian language dictionaries. The research employed several methods: comparative analysis of scientific literature, generalization, content analysis. During the research, first of all, based on “Dabartinė lietuvių kalbos gramatika” (“The Current Grammar of the Lithuanian Language”) (1996), word-formation relations of the words creativeness and creativity and terms related to them creation, creating, works of art, creator, creative were analyzed. In the second stage of the research, the analysis of dictionaries was performed to find out in which dictionaries and how the said terms and combinations formed with them were defined. Upon conducting the study, that following has been identified: - The nouns derived from the verb to create have clear meanings: the words creating and creation name the action, the word creator denotes the person performing that action, while the word work of art is used to denote the result of the performed activity. The language user has no difficulty in using these words due to clearly distinguishable meanings related to word-formation or definitions of the said words, given in dictionaries. - The adjective creative (kūrybingas) derived from the noun creation has a clear meaning – inclined to something. The other two adjectives derived from the noun creation – creative (kūrybinis), denoting distinguished or specific feature, and creative (kūrybiškas), denoting the type of things as well as peculiarities characteristic to things – cause difficulties to language users due to word-formation meanings that are similar and difficult to distinguish. The definitions of these words in dictionaries do not make it easier for the user to understand in which situations the words creative (kūrybiškas) and creative (kūrybinis) should be used. Thus, to use these words properly, one must either know the meanings of suffixes -iškas and -inis or search for that information in grammar books. - The use of adjectives creative (kūrybiškas) and creative (kūrybingas) derived from the noun creation does not pose any difficulties, because the word-formation meanings are clearly distinguishable (kūrybingas – a person who is inclined to creation and kūrybiškas – work whose essence is creation). Difficulties arise in the use of nouns derived from these adjectives creativity (kūrybiškumas) and creativeness (kūrybingumas). This happens because the same suffix -umas is used to derive these words, which gives the same meaning to the words: the name of the peculiarity. The dictionary analysis has shown that dictionaries provide similar definitions for these words. Thus, both the word-formation suffix -umas and similar definitions in dictionaries do not allow the language user to clearly understand in which situations words creativity and creativeness should be used. - Ten words/term combinations related to creation, which are defined in seven different dictionaries, were found. However, it is not clear whether the use of adjectives and nouns derived from creation in combinations is correct, and the language user cannot clearly perceive how to use these combinations correctly; e.g., creative (kūrybiniai) methods or creation (kūrybos) methods.
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