Jaunų suaugusiųjų suvokiamos bendradarbių paramos, suvokiamos vadovo paramos bei sociodemografinių veiksnių sąsajos su ketinimu išeiti iš darbo
Pilkauskaitė Valickienė, Rasa
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The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between Perceived Coworker’s Support, Perceived Organizational (Supervisor) Support, and Turnover Intention. An additional task was to identify the interaction of Socio-demographic Factors with the Turnover Intention. These associations were investigated in the emerging adult’s sample (period of learning and experimentation prior to career and stable relationships (Sussman, Arnett, 2014). Thus, the study sample consisted of individuals aged 18 – 30 (442 women and 61 men). The study was conducted in several stages. At first, a dialysis interview was conducted in which 2 individuals in the emerging adulthood age were interviewed. The only criteria for these subjects were their age and condition for being employed. After finding the subjects in a convenient way, they were asked in a semi-structured interview about their work experience, what was important to them at work and other similar questions like sociodemographic questions about age, sex etc. This interview helped clarify the direction of the research and the variables examined (perceived support from coworkers, perceived support from the supervisor and turnover intention). This interview also helped to determine what methodologies will be used in the study, namely, “Turnover Intention” (Camman et al., 1979), “Perceived Coworker Support” (Bemiller, Williams, 2011), and “Perceived Organizational Support” (Eisenberger et al., 1986) scales. After evaluating the results of the dialysis interviews, scales were selected through an online survey, along with socio-demographic questions and presented to 15 subjects who were conveniently picked. The data obtained were analyzed. It was decided to use the same scales as in the pilot study, as the results were satisfactory, the main study was finally launched. This was also done through an online survey but this time 503 subjects were interviewed. When enough finished questionnaires were collected during the day, it was decided to evaluate results. Calculations were done using statistical program SPSS 23.0 (2015). The “Turnover intention scale” (Camman et al., 1979) consisted of 3 statements as “I often think about quitting”. The subjects rated the statements on a Likert scale (from 1 – strongly disagree to 7 – strongly agree). A higher score on this scale indicates a stronger intention to quit. Cronbach alpha was measured (α = .764). Agreement to use this questionnaire was get from PsyTest database. Second scale used was the “Coworker Support scale“(Bemiller, Williams, 2011). This consists of 5 statements that had to be rated from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Cronbach alpha showed high score (α = .855). None of the questions were reversed. This questionnaire is available to use for not commercial purpose. The third scale is the “Perceived Organizational Support scale” (Eisenberger et al., 1986). This scale was adjusted to purpose of this research. Word “organizational” was changed to “supervisor” support for purpose of concretization. This questionnaire consists of 8 statements to be rated from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Cronbach alpha also showed high rates (α = .844). After pilot survey with 15 young employee, it was decided not to delete any question from this scale. Higher scores in this scale shows higher organizational (supervisor) support. Four questions were reversed. And finally, socio-demographic questionnaire used after analyzing scientific articles of other scientists.
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