Social Transformations of Pakistan under Kashmir Dispute
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Kashmir dispute is the most important burning issue between India and Pakistan as they have fought three major wars and two conflicts since 1947. Kashmir dispute arises when British India was separated into Pakistan and India on 15th August 1947 under the Indian Independence Act 1947. Independent Indian States could accede either to Pakistan or India as on 26th October 1947, Hari Singh signed treaty of accession with the Indian Government while the Governor General of India: Mountbatten remarked that after clearance from insurgency, plebiscite would take place in the state and the people of Kashmir would decide either to go with Pakistan or India. During war of Kashmir in 1947, India went to United Nations (UN) and asked for mediation, UN passed resolution on 20th January 1948 to assist peaceful resolution of Kashmir Dispute as another resolution was passed on 21st April 1948 for organization of plebiscite in Kashmir. India holds 43% of the region, Pakistan holds 37% and remaining 19% area is controlled by China. Dispute of Kashmir is required to be resolved through mediation under UN resolutions.