Prevalence and Impact of Criminalization of Cartel Agreements
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Purpose – it is appropriate to assess the prevalence of criminalization of cartels in the EU, the legal technique used to define criminal offenses, and to identify the most dangerous (more distorting) cartel arrangements. Also, the ability of Member States to identify and prevent cartel offenses through non-criminal law is to be assessed. Having established the preconditions for the criminalization of cartel stiffnesses, a model of criminalization of violations of competition law can be developed.