Integration of Gender Aspect into the Research and Teaching Content: Perspectives and Problems
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The purpose of this paper is to discuss the integration of gender aspect into the research methodologies, content and teaching programs as a change of traditional science values, also as a source of new information leading to correction of conventional scientific premises and to creation of new scientific knowledge. In order to increase the European Union and the world's scientific potential and contributions to the knowledge economy, more and more attention is paid to measures that would help to improve gender equality in science in terms of equal opportunities for the scientists of both genders to reveal their talents and to ensure that scientific and industrial products are suitable for users of different genders. The dominance of one sex researchers and objects of the research (usually male ones) has led to scientific standards and methodologies, which are still rarely taking into consideration the different gender needs and ways how scientific knowledge affects them. Sex and gender bias that still exist in scientific knowledge can be socially harmful and expensive.