Lygių galimybių principo realizavimas neįgaliųjų užimtumo kokybės gerinimui Lietuvoje
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The aim of the paper is to examine the application of the principle of equal opportunities for disabled people and the realization of this principle by the improvement of the quality of employment of disabled people in Lithuania. Social human development is based on productivity, equity, empowerment and continuity principles. Ensure the equal opportunities are one of the key objectives of a democratic society. Liquidation of forms of discrimination is a necessary and essential condition to ensure individual rights and personal well-being. The principle of equality is based on equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities in all areas of life. Madrid Declaration established the modern approach to people with disabilities and provided suggestions to improve their lives. This approach recognized the disabled people are the equal members of society, but having special needs. This means that the society from the sympathy goes to the social integration of people with disabilities. EU commitments to disabled citizens guided approach to disability are based on the concept of non- passive support, but on the idea of integration and active participation in the economic and social life. In the most countries the official employment policy of disability includes the integration into the labor market, equality, the reduction of dependence on benefits. Often, however, the employment is measured only by quantitative indicators. However, the economic and social policy gets through the quality of employment, which is the broader economic indicator than the unemployment rate. The article deals with the realization of the principle of equal opportunities for employment of persons with disabilities in order to improve the quality of jobs. Adopted in 2000, European Council Directive 2000/78/EC of employment set the equal treatment in employment and occupation; a general framework, and responsibility for any direct or indirect discrimination in the labor market on grounds of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. However, researchers often analyze the gender equality problems in the labor market, but rare and superficial examines the disability discrimination in the labor market, often focuses only on the social integration of people with disabilities. Accomplished study is examining the disabled active employment promotion through the principle of equal opportunities.
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