The Application of Some Protective Ecological Measures in Agricultural Production under EU Legislation
The article is devoted to fundamental principles of EU agricultural policy in terms of ecological measures in agriculture, the usage of which is stimulated by economic mechanism of agriecological programs (direct payments for farmers within the frameworks of Regulation 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council). The evolution of reformation of Common Agriculture Policy has been studied in the context of greening. The greening of the agricultural production can be reached through crop diversification, the maintenance of permanent pasture and the respect of ecological focus areas, which have a positive impact on relief of soil, natural resources conservation and ecosystem restoration. The special attention in the article is focused on necessity to provide complex approach to solution of problem of permanent environment degradation because of agriculture. Achievement of sustainable development goals in the context of taking into account economic, environmental and social factors is possible through correlation of updated agricultural practices, intensification of agricultural production by innovative technologies in the agricultural sector of the economy and the need to protect the environment, preserve valuable natural resources and ecosystems.
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