The Development of Scientific Perceptions of Criminalistic Tactics and Modern Trends
The article is devoted to the history of the origin of tactical beginnings in the study of a criminal for criminalistic purposes and the further formation of a system of scientific knowledge in crime counteraction. The development of criminal tactics and its transformation into investigative tactics, and then forensic, are traced. The role of forensic tactics in the system of criminalistics knowledge is revealed. Attention is paid to changing the subject of criminalistic tactics in modern conditions, the reasons for such changes are identified. The content and structure of criminalistic tactics are due to the need to provide different specialists (investigator, prosecutor, investigating judge, parties to criminal proceedings, court, etc.) with tactical measures. The interrelation of legislative changes, procedural instructions and tactical recommendations has been established. An activity approach to criminalistic tactics is proposed and the necessity of isolating its branches (advocatory, judicial, investigative, inquiry) is substantiated. The structural elements of criminalistic tactics (tactical technique, tactical combination, tactical operation, etc.) are considered. The role of psychological influence in a tactical tool is determined. Attention is focused on the limits of admissibility and legitimacy of influence for the purposes of criminal proceedings.
- Straipsniai / Articles