Study of the Contamination of the Territory of the Republic of Lithuania with Unexploded Explosives
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These days, contamination of the territory of Lithuania with explosives is still a relevant issue, because even though it has been more than 70 years since the war is over, the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Company of the Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion often has to collect and neutralize the explosives remaining from war. The article discusses the larger battles of the First and Second World War and the Wars of Independence, and the locations of former Russian military bases as possible causes of explosive contamination in the territory of Lithuania. The dynamics of emergency calls and explosives found in the period between 2007 and 2017 was also reviewed, confirming the relevance of the problem. Maps of the contamination of the territory of Lithuania, battles that took place and places of former Russian military bases have been prepared. They prove that the First and Second World War and the Wars of Independence as well as the locations of Russian troops’ deployment are indeed the main causes of explosive contamination of the territory of Lithuania. The article also presents and discusses the influence of climate on explosives being raised to the surface of the ground. What is more, a weak relationship between the number of calls to deminers, and an average relationship between the depth of ground freezing and the index of construction work performed are established.
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