Civilinio proceso vienodinimas ir iššūkiai Europos Sąjungoje
The creation of the European civil procedure rules could have started from the beginning of the European Economic Community, since the Article 220 of the Treaty of Rome (1958) established that Member States shall enter into negotiations with each other with the view to securing simplification of formalities governing the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgments of courts or tribunals and of arbitration awards. The first milestone in this area was the Brussels Convention, which entered into force in 1973 and successfully governed the area of recognition and enforcement of judgments across the European Union. The special feature of the Brussels Convention is the mechanism of enforcement, which was granted to it by the decision of the Member States to grant the power to interpret the Brussels Convention for the European Court of Justice. The Brussels Convention became the secondary EU legislation and it continued its existence as Brussels I regulation from 2001 onwards (with a new version issued in 2012). The competence of the European Economic Community countries to collaborate within the area of justice and security using international conventions as a tool became common in 1992, when the Treaty European Union came into force. However, this area of legislation became appealing only when the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force and enabled the primary and secondary legislation in the area of justice. After the Tampere conclusions were announced in 1999, the legislation in the civil procedure area became intensive.
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