Terorizmo apibrėžimas tarptautinėje teisėje
The article analyzes the definitions of terrorism established in the regional and universal international agreements and in the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism. The definition of terrorism is important in several spheres: in applying criminal responsibility to the persons who perpetrated terrorist acts, in the international cooperation against terrorism and in the influence that the definition set out in the international legal acts has on national legislation. The first international agreements on terrorism prohibited certain sorts of terrorist acts, such as hijacking of airplanes, crimes on board of airplanes, crimes against diplomats and other internationally protected persons, taking of hostages, crimes against the security of nuclear materials, crimes against the safety of maritime navigation, terrorist bombings and the like. There are definitions of terrorism in the regional agreements on terrorism. From 1972 under the auspices of the United Nations General Assembly the international community started searching for a comprehensive definition of terrorism that would be valid for all the international community. The result of the work of Ad Hoc committee created for this purpose is the Draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism the provisions of which are analyzed in this article alongside with the abovementioned regional conventions. The conclusion is made that the definitions of terrorism enshrined in international legal documents embody two main elements – the criterion of serious damage and the criterion of the terrorist purpose. The criterion of serious damage means that certain acts are considered terrorist if they cause or intend to cause serious damage to human life or health or (in some definitions) property. The criterion of terrorist purpose is satisfied if the acts in question are carried out with the primary aim to terrorize the civil population or to compel a state government or international organization to carry out or to abstain from carrying out certain acts. The article ends by analyzing the Lithuanian Penal Code and its provisions on terrorism.
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