Migracijos procesus formuojančių veiksnių Lietuvoje vertinimas
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Immigration is now a prominent feature in the economic, social, and political reality of many European countries. Rising economic integration, varying demographics, sex equality, growing technological progress, migration policy and standards unification between countries, etc., are the factors that best determine international migration. Assessments on emigration particularly have been discrepant. In recent years the emigration scale of Lithuanian residents has been so great that it directly determines structural changes in society and influences social, cultural, political areas. The positive effects induced by migration such as decrease in unemployment, experience gain, does not overpower conditional problems of emigration. Majority of emigrants are young people therefore disproportion in demographic structure is formed whilst some economic sectors lack manpower, particularly highly qualified specialists. It is very important to identify determinants of migration and employ appropriate public policy measures. After analyzing the causes that the article indicates for migration of Lithuanian residents following scientific sources, statistics and empirical research, the forming factors for migration processes have been set. Empirical studies confirm findings of many researchers that economic factors are very significant to the migration processes. It is found that the annual disposable income and the average wage in the country play a key role in the immigration processes. Proposals for possible solutions have been submitted.
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