Role of international police data exchange in supression of illegal migrations on South-Eastern route
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In the period from 2014 to 2016, the number of illegal migrants arriving to Europe has exponentially increased. The South-Eastern route has been used to a significant extent since the beginning of the 21st century for entering the EU, but its use has been continuously increasing since 2008. All countries on the so-called Balkan route have experienced a sharp increase of 1612% in illegal migrant arrivals in comparison with the previous year. Organised crime groups have adapted their activities in accordance with the new trends. This article analyses the scope of international police data exchange in suppression of illegal migration, the role of international police organisations in the suppression of illegal migrations and people smuggling. Furthermore, the article shows specific routes in people smuggling across the Croatian borders, providing an overview of police activity based on concrete operative cases and efforts made by Croatia in the context of joining the Schengen Area. Finally, the article shows some global trends in the field of illegal migration and people smuggling and gives possible future scenarios on the South-Eastern route.
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