Deviantinis elgesys kaip socialine deviacija
Throughout history, society tried to remove unwanted forms of human activity. Methods and tools depended on the social and economic relations, the interests of the ruling elite. Social problems always attracted the attention of scientists. Philosophers and lawyers, doctors and teachers, psychologists, and biologists have examined and evaluated the various types of social pathology. An individual's behavior either naturally meets the laws of social development, or sometimes it is not adequate enough and provide distorted views on the conflict - religious, subjective and mythologized. Therefore, social deviance can have different meanings in society. Positive deviance serves as a tool for progressive development of the society, increases the level of the organization, helping to overcome the outdated, conservative or reactionary behavior standards. Along with the positive deviance growth (e.g. public political activity, economic entrepreneurship, scientific and artistic creativity), worsens the negative deviation - crime based on sordid motives, alcoholism and drug addiction, juvenile delinquency, immorality. Also citizens' social vulnerability grows along. The article deals with derogating from the rules behavior, attempts to explain the conditions and factors that lead to this social phenomenon.
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