„Juodoji archeologija“ ir jos tyrimo ypatumai neteisėtai vykdytų 2009 m. Apuolės piliakalnio kasinėjimų kontekste
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In addition to trafficking drugs, psychotropic substances, firearms and ammunition - illegal trafficking of archaeological heritage objects is one of the most lucrative ways of making money in the criminal world. For example, according to the data of McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, over 120,000 archaeological heritage objects were found and confiscated from the police in Italy during the period of 1994-1999. Criminals get their hands on valuable cultural, historical and scientific objects in many different ways. They are usually stolen from museums, private collectors or taken from archealogical sites. This phenomenon is also reffered to as archeological excavation. Such illegal activities pose a threat to individual countries‘ and the regions‘ cultural heritage, national security and identity. The individuals or groups carrying out the illegal excavation of heritage in search of valuable cultural, historical and scientific significance objects, take all precautionary measures to avoid legal liability for illegal activities prohibited by law. This causes problems for law enforcement authorities that investigate criminal offenses in the field of cultural heritage. The author will describe questioning of witnesses, the search and the examination of the illegal archeological excavation based on illegal activities in Lithuania and foreign judicial practice. This study aims to develop the pre-trial methodology that will serve the law enforcement authorities in investigating this type of crime, where the time factor is very important.
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