Sveikatą stiprinančios aplinkos kūrimas
Quality of life subject is dealing with theoretical and empirical questions about fulfilment of certain definite human needs, which are termed in some predefined contexts or areas. Locally built potential to support, sustain and fulfil adequate human needs along with respective individual experience about actual fulfilment of these needs forms the phenomenon of local place related quality of life. Lately the biggest part of the studies of the quality of life is conducted in order to determine morbidity or the factors of the environment. Society is interested in scientific news, however, evidence based information is not always accessible. The effective communication of the scientific news does not only enlarge the privacy of society, but also promotes evidence based decision making in politics. The leading aim of public health programs is prevention and/or control of diseases and deaths. Public health programs focus on the elimination of causes of most important problems in the presence of large number community members and number of organizations. Public health programs should be evaluated during their early planning, after the program has started and after their implementation. Program evaluation can be defined as systematic and objective determination of the quality or value of the program by gathering, analyzing and interpreting information. Evaluation assesses not only value of the program, but also provides useful feedback by deciding that there is something good or bad, true or false. Broader, by assessing the impact, value and quality of the program, program’s efficiency is enhancing and its implementation is improving. Well-conducted assessment provides reliable and useful information that enables decision-making and ensures continuous improvement of program implementation. There are some problems in defining the quality of life. Despite the fact that the concept of the quality of life is a modern concept understood more broadly than simply the standard of living or well-being, all these concepts are still used interchangeably and cause confusion. Another problem is related to the multiplicity of definitions and the lack of consensus on any of them. The quality of life is regarded as an interdisciplinary concept used by various academic disciplines as their constituent part. The article reviews the main types of program evaluation, principles, models and methods, which need to be known when planning public health programs evaluation. Research subject: The concept of the quality of life. Research objectives: To conduct an analysis of the development of the concept of quality of life and to review the multidimensional theoretical and empirical domains in which the social construct of quality of life is analysed. The article aims to discuss ideas derived from the findings of theoretical and empirical research on the quality of life and, also, to reveal opportunities for the analysis of quality of life from new perspectives. The article analyzes the definition of quality of life and its relation to other notions of good life such as welfare, well-being and the standard of living. The author presents the relation between the quality of life and other concepts of good life and their differences by assessing different concepts of good life, their historical context, the issues of their measurement and operationalization and scholarly disciplines in which they are used.
- Straipsniai / Articles