Slapto sekimo genezė per teisės paminklus
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The restoration of the independence of the Republic of Lithuania on 11 March 1990 ipso facto implies the beginning of buildup the new legal system in the Lithuania and succession the best values of Western legal traditions. At the same time it is considered to be the starting point for the legal system of the Republic of Lithuania from which it has been beginning to evolve and develops into the direction on respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms. This is clearly reflected in the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania adopted by citizens of the Republic of Lithuania in the Referendum of 25 October 1992. The preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania provides that one of the most significant aims of the Lithuanian nation is to strive for an open and harmonious civil society and law-based state. This aim means that the Republic of Lithuania must be under the rule of law and the most important values are the human rights, fundamental freedoms. Each democratic country based on rule of law is responsible and accountable for ensuring human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the international and domestic law. Of course, this does not mean that the state authorities should refrain from any interference into human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals. The social nature of human beings pushes them for social interaction and each human being has his own interests which may not always coincide with interest of other individuals. Therefore, a state‘s high priority task is to ensure that every human being and the whole of society are protected by state from unlawful acts. The state is forced to take legal means to disclose the criminal acts committed by the individuals, and limitation of human rights and fundamental freedoms is inevitable. For this purpose, legislation granted law enforcement authorities in rights to use special investigative techniques in conducting the prosecution. It should be noted that the special investigation techniques such as controlled delivery, covert surveillance are legitimate and internationally recognized. For better understanding of matter of covert surveillance it will be useful and valuable thing to do to research genesis of legal regulation of surveillance in context of ancient law monuments.
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