Atliekų rūšiavimo teisinio reguliavimo aspektai
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This article describes the development of a waste sorting and regulatory peculiarities in Germany, and emphasizes the positive value of sharing waste sorting experience. It is revealed the essential advantages of Germany waste sorting systems. It is concluded that Germany already in 1960 had implemented management of waste, the number of which has increased dramatically with growth of industrial production and consumption. Lack of waste management regulation started to raise environmental issues such as soil, groundwater, air pollution, hygiene violations. In the seventies first legal acts were implemented, which prevented to accrue waste in landfills, and with the introduction of producer responsibility are being sorted for recycling. In the eighties Germany already had three main sorting systems: biological waste, paper and packaging waste which fundamentally changed the waste management system in Germany and enabled significantly reduce number of landfills. For waste management, as well as the sorting local government authorities are responsible, which implements its waste sorting (processing) systems on the basis of German national legislation (builds waste containers, provides which waste to which colour containers must be thrown, provides waste collection and transportation to refineries etc.). From the first implementation of waste management legislation today Germany has fully developed waste management system (all waste is sorted, vast majority of landfills are closed, landfills receives only one per cent of untreated waste, even without the introduction of waste charges). In waste sorting area Germany from year to year is a leading country throughout the European Union, which knowhow was used by other Member States (Austria, the Netherlands, France, and Belgium).
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