Lietuvos policijos rengimo sistema Europos Sąjungos kontekste
In the article, the aspects of the Lithuanian police training system, related to the administration and internal management of the educational institutions, are investigated in comparison to police training systems of other European countries. For this reason, the following structural peculiarities of the Lithuanian law enforcement system and the factors, which characterize a police system, are discussed: recruitment of officers and their admission to educational institutions, the institutional system of police training, subordination, management and control of educational institutions, ranking system, recognition of diplomas, organization of studies, the relation between the theoretical and the practical dimensions of the study programs. The article arrives at a conclusion that the police training systems of the European Union countries are characterized by a significant variety, which is conditioned by the differences in national police structures, status, subordination and financing of educational institutions and their relations with police departments, granting of police ranks and the external qualification recognition. Lithuania falls into the category of countries which have several police (law enforcement) organizations engaged in similar activities, but having different subordination. Due to different requirements for the vocational education of officers, applied in these organizations, and the legal regulation, which allows officers to work at any internal affairs institution irrespective of their study profile, the related professional competence is put at the risk of deterioration. The Lithuanian police training includes: 1) vocational education of officers (basic education and training and specialized training) at police institutions – qualification development centers (Lithuanian Police School) and 2) their education at the educational institutions of the Education and Science Ministry (Mykolas Romeris University). The education of officers at LPS is organized by the Police Department, in accordance with the special vocational educations programs. The relations of the Police Department and MRU are based on a cooperation agreement. Thus the basic education and training is separated from the higher education levels and conveyed by educational institutions of different subordination. In conclusion, the Lithuanian police training system complies with the police training practice, applied in the majority of the European Union countries, only partly. The said discrepancies are conditioned by the different subordination of educational institutions, requirements for the entrants and the peculiarities of the management of educational institutions, the organization of studies and the implementation of programs.
- Articles / Straipsniai