Kioto protokolo perspektyvos kovos su klimato kaita kontekste
In order to avoid negative potential outcomes of global warming, countries have adopted the Kyoto Protocol. It has been ratified by 192 countries and entered into force in 2005. This article analyses how the issues of the Kyoto Protocol for climate change compliance with the provisions of the present days and what are the perspective of the Protocol. The paper discusses two main problems impeding the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol – it is unevenly distributed commitment for countries and economic burden for protocol performance evaluation. Today the greatest polluters are economically developing countries. According to science researches the developing countries will be the greatest polluters in future as well. However, the Kyoto Protocol does not require these countries to adopt mandatory measures to reduce air pollution and does not provide means to bind commitdeveloped countries to reduce emissions. It is obvious, that economically developed countries are not able to single combat climate change by reducing emissions: if that countries latter even significantly reduce emissions, this decrease is more significant for values of global warming. There are several countries that refuse to keep the Kyoto Protocol, because economically it is unprofitable. In the article it is concluded that this position is used as a political tool, because it is totally baseless. Research shows that if there will be no measures to reduce global warming, the overall costs and risks of climate change will reduce global gross domestic product (GDP) of about 5% each year, while operating costs by reducing greenhouse gas emissions by an estimated cost 1% of global GDP each year. According to the article, the provisions of Kyoto Protocol are highly relevant and useful nowadays. The global climate changes very quickly, some irreversible changes already took place, and the effective measures are necessary in order to avoid the negative outcomes of global warming. The absence of these measures may course a great negative effect for the global climate. To keep the provisions is necessary in order to avoid catastrophic consequences in climate changes.
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