Tyrėjų kompetencijų formavimo diskursas
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One of the most important aims of law enforcement agencies is crime investigation and prevention. Consequently, one of the main activities of the law enforcement agencies, especially in the pre-trial investigation sphere, is to optimise the organisation of the pre-trial investigation in order to save the experienced skilled and competent specialists. The author of this research offers a new approach and analyses the qualification and competence of the pre-trial investigation subjects not only in terms of personnel management, but all elements of the model of pre-trial investigation to make pre-trial investigation organisation more effective. It should be noted that the content of an investigators‘ qualification or levels of competence are still not determined or strictly regulated and this is the reason for many discussions in this area. These discussions surround what qualification and level of competence the investigators should have in pre-trial investigation, what general and special competencies they should acquire and how the content of the competencies should be determined. In the present article the author analyses the investigators‘ qualification and competence as a presumption that it is an essential aspect of an effective pre-trial investigation. Analysing this question the author compares other subjects such as the regulation of qualifications and levels of competence of the prosecutors and pre-trial investigation judges. The author also identifies the problem of how to define an investigators qualification and level of competence making recommendations to create a Description of Investigators Competencies. Qualification requirements should be determined in this legal act and general, occupational and special competencies should be identified with the content also being determined within this framework. Formation of the Description of Investigators‘ Competencies should determine not only the content of the investigators‘ required level of competence but also this process should be consistent with the assessment and career development of investigators‘ including the process of gaining the investigators‘ qualification. The aim of this research is to identify the problems associated with defining an investigators‘ qualification and levels of competence and to propose recommendations on how this could be achieved. The subject of this research is limited to only looking at investigators‘ qualification and level of competence. The author is using a qualitative method for this research based upon the contents of documents. The author will analysis eight legal acts related to the qualification and competence of pre-trial investigation and fifty different investigators‘ job descriptions.
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