Anomija ir asmens saugumo mieste aktualijos
In this article descriptive data are combined with analytic. Personal security situation in different cities is revealed by statistics of registered crime data and benchmarking. Over the past 20 years, the situation in Lithuania can be described as economic, political, social and cultural transformations in transit. That is why it is so clearly manifested anomija, when the old social norms have lost their meaning, and the new not yet been formed. Become a priority in terms of deviant forms of behavior. Deviant behavior - it polideterminuotas phenomenon, reflecting the different levels of interaction between variables. These variables consists of macrosocial factors, general socio-culturalethnic characteristics, which determine some common personality characteristics of socialization, social and psychological factors that define the personality and the recognized norms of behavior in the immediate surroundings, family, peer group, highlighting the values and others the nature of interpersonal relationships and so on., the individual personalities of the factors that mark the personality characteristics or traits . Most of the sociological concepts of deviant forms of behavior are linked to the spread of the lack of integration in the public sense of security often reflects the general public of the quality of life and cultural traditions As the sense of security is an abstract concept, indicating the reaction to crime as a social problem is a sense of security analysis and measures to reduce insecurity application of a particular interest in modern cities. A sense of security term use causes a lot of debate, conflict and misunderstanding. Different terms are often used interchangeably, without defining their precise and strict not limited. Currently, the scientific literature to the use terms such as "fear of crime" (called fear of crime) and "security / insecurity (called feeling of safety, unsafety). It is also often used terms such as "anxiety" or "concern" for the crime (called worry, concern about crime). Fear of crime - it is a subjective risk of becoming a crime victim assessment. Sense of security - abstract concept, indicating the reaction to crime as a social problem. Sense of security often reflects the general public of the quality of life and cultural traditions. Registered crime is only a small part of a real crime. Therefore, the registrant's crime analysis based on the findings should be interpreted with caution. From the statistical information available on various offenses committed, the study of victims and other aspects. According to the Department of Statistics under the Lithuanian Government, the majority of Lithuanian citizens live in the city (in 2010 year, the population living in city is up to 67%, in rural areas - 33%), thus the study is based more on the urban population's opinion. The survey was conducted by "Baltijos tyrimai". The representative of the Lithuanian population survey was carried out in 2010 September 25 - October 4. Individual interviews were interviewed 15 -74 population (in a 1004 interview). Selection of respondents prepared so that every citizen of Lithuania have equal probability to be questioned. Study the results of statistical error does not exceed 3.1 percent. with 95 percent. its reliability. Results from this study are compared with the Interior Ministry, 2005-2009 carried out by the Lithuanian population of sociological research.
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