Integruotas sienų saugumo modelis
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The main concepts used to explain the theme: The Shengen area – the territory of countries which have signed the Shengen Agreement. This area is special that its outer borders are preserved very carefully and control of inner borders of this area is abolished. The Shengen Agreement – agreement of some European Union countries about progressively declining of borders control because of realization people free moving. This Agreement was signed on 14 June in 1985 under initiative of Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl and the President of France Francois Mitterand by Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherland, France and Federal Republic Germany in Shengen. Border guard, control and surveillance are a relevant topic in every country. It should be mentioned, that when the country has borders with other countries, it has created the policy, legal and institutional basis for the control and surveillance of its border that secures social, political, legal, economical, cultural and scientific interests of the citizens of that country. There are two border concepts in the European Union – internal and external borders. The co-operation of the member states, based on the integrated border management concept, is oriented to the common attempt to control and secure the external border carrying out various joint operations and projects. The analysis of the guidelines of cooperation of the EU member states in the field of external border surveillance and evaluation of the effectiveness of this cooperation is being carried out using the researches, Shengen acquis, the Treaty of Amsterdam, the Treaty of Rome, the Treaty of Lisbon, etc.
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