Human rights and prohibition of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment: European approach
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The prohibition of torture is also to be found in almost all domestic legal systems. Article 3 imposes both negative and positive obligations: that is an obligation to refrain from certain action, and obligations to take positive action to secure individuals their rights and to protect them from prohibited treatment. However, the numerous cases of the European Court on Human Rights indicates, that there is no clear understanding of the content and scope of the prohibition of torture or strong will of the state governments to respect this right. Therefore the object of the research is the content of the right not to be tortured, the obligations of the states in respect of this right and possible derogations in the conditions of public safety protection, the objective of this article is to disclose the scope of the prohibition to torture foreseen in Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights and to discuss the possible circumstances in which a state may legitimately interfere with the exercise of this right basing its actions on protection of public safety.
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