Parens patriae doktrinos raiška baudžiamajame procese, kuriame dalyvauja vaikai
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The main goal of this dissertation is to analyze and assess measures which are the basis for a criminal procedure involving children. Thus, the old parens patriae doctrine was chosen as a starting point, which is a fundamental paradigm of this specific criminal procedure form and is still applicable. The influence of this doctrine to a criminal procedure involving children manifests itself through two main principles: the best interests of the child and rehabilitation. The institutes of representation of a child and interrogation of a child are directly linked with the principle of the best interests of the child. These institutes are analyzed in this dissertation by revealing the peculiarities of legal regulation and problems of practical application. The content of the principle of rehabilitation is revealed in this doctoral research through the principle of information, rendering of special aid and publicity. The doctrine of the separation of children from adults is analyzed in this research as well. Relying upon this doctrine, a formal criteria (age) and evaluative criteria (maturity, lack of procedural capacity) which determine the need to differentiate a criminal procedure were revealed.