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dc.contributor.authorTamutienė, Ilona
dc.contributor.authorAndrejeva, Rita
dc.contributor.authorLazauskienė, Aistė
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-01T09:02:19Z
dc.date.available2017-02-01T09:02:19Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/public-policy-and-administration/article/view/4319/4040
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/14606
dc.description.abstractIn 1928-1931, annual consumption of legal pure alcohol per capita was just 1.17 litres, while in 2014 the alcohol consumption per capita was 12.7 litres. The alcohol outlet density is one of the most significant factors for the indicators of alcohol consumption. The aim of this paper is to compare the characteristics of the regulation of retail alcohol outlets in the First (1918-1940) and Second (1990-2015) Republic of Lithuania. The goals are the following: to evaluate the aspects of alcohol outlet density, expiration dates and issue conditions of seller licences, and the maintenance of public order of seller licence usage as well as assurance of safety in the neighbourhoods, and to determine the period of Seimas (governing parties) ruling during which fundamental changes occurred in the liberalization or prohibition with regards to regulation of alcohol outlets. The paper is based on the method of document analysis. It was determined that the regulation of alcohol outlets was much stricter in the period of the First Republic of Lithuania than in the period of the Second Republic. In the First Republic of Lithuania, the regulation of the density of alcohol outlets was connected to the assurance of public safety and prevention of noise, the community was involved in the regulation of the density of alcohol outlets, the density of alcohol outlets was regulated, the prohibited distances were defined between alcohol outlets and places of worship, cemeteries, healthcare and education establishments or other institutions significant to the public, the issued licences were short-term, for the period of one year. Even though in the period of the ruling of Antanas Smetona in 1934 the alcohol outlet regulation was liberalized, eliminating the influence of residents and municipalities on the issuing of licences, alcohol outlet regulation still remained stricter than in the period of the Second Republic of Lithuania. In 2002, the social-democratic coalition, which had the majority in the government, strongly liberalized the alcohol outlet regulation: it abolished any regulation of alcohol outlet density, eliminated short-term licences and authorised alcohol sales in sanatoriums, kiosks and petrol stations. Only the political group of Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian democrats, which had the majority in the Seimas of 2008-2012, managed to prohibit sales in kiosks and petrol stations, but the density remained unregulated, the licences were still short-term, the licencing was unconnected to public safety and assurance of public order, and the community’s influence was restricted only to expression of opinion on the issuing of new alcohol seller licences in the blocks of flats they reside in. It is recommended to connect alcohol outlet regulation with public safety and assurance of public order, to regulate outlet density, to issue short-term licences, and to empower the residents to participate in the alcohol outlet regulation.en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titlePrekybos alkoholiu vietų reguliavimas: Pirmosios ir Antrosios Lietuvos Respublikos patirtysen
dc.title.alternativeRegulation of alcohol outlets: experiences of the First and Second Republic of Lithuaniaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltStraipsnyje lyginamas Pirmosios (1918–1940) ir Antrosios Lietuvos Respublikos (1990–2015) mažmeninės alkoholio prekybos vietų reguliavimas. Nustatyta, kad reguliavimas Pirmosios Lietuvos Respublikos laikotarpiu buvo gerokai griežtesnis nei Antrosios. Pirmojoje Lietuvos Respublikoje alkoholio vietų tankio reguliavimas buvo sietinas su visuomenės saugumo užtikrinimu ir žalos prevencija, į reguliavimą buvo įtraukta bendruomenė, apibrėžti prekybos alkoholiu atstumai nuo maldos namų, kapinių, sveikatos ir ugdymo įstaigų, kitų visuomenei svarbių institucijų, leidimai išduodami terminuoti. Nors 1934 m. (A. Smetonos valdymo laikotarpiu) alkoholio vietų reguliavimas buvo liberalizuotas, panaikinta gyventojų ir savivaldybių įtaka išduodant leidimus, tačiau pats reguliavimas išliko griežtesnis nei Antrosios Lietuvos Respublikos laikotarpiu. 2002 m. valdžioje daugumą turėjusi socialdemokratinė koalicija kalbamąjį procesą labai liberalizavo: panaikino bet kokį alkoholio vietų tankio reguliavimą, terminuotas licencijas, leido prekiauti alkoholiniais gėrimais sanatorijose, kioskuose, degalinėse. Tik 2008–2012 m. Seime daugumą turėjusi Tėvynės sąjungos-Lietuvos krikščionių demokratų frakcija sugebėjo uždrausti prekybą kioskuose ir degalinėse, tačiau tankis išliko nereguliuotas.en
dc.doi10.5755/j01.ppaa.15.1.14691en
dc.editorial.boardYraen
dc.identifier.aleph-en
dc.publication.sourceViešoji politika ir administravimas, 2016, t. 15, Nr .1en
dc.subject.facultyKitasen
dc.subject.keywordReguliavimasen
dc.subject.keywordAlkoholisen
dc.subject.keywordPardavimo vietų tankisen
dc.subject.keywordLicencijaen
dc.subject.keywordRegulationen
dc.subject.keywordAlcohol outlet densityen
dc.subject.keywordLicenseen
dc.subject.publicationtypeS1en
dc.subject.sciencedirection03S - Vadybaen


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