Specialių žinių panaudojimo atliekant tardymo veiksmus perspektyvos.
Among the crime investigation trends that are given priority, a special role should be attached to special knowledge usage in crimes investigation. In Criminal Process Code that is currently in force in Lithuania, the following of special knowledge usage are distinguished: a specialist’s participation in investigation actions, a specialist’s conclusion, the expertise and the revision. In Criminal Process Codes of many countries, only one form of special knowledge usage is distinguished, i.e. expertise. In the new Criminal Process Code of Lithuania, they propose to regulate only these forms of special knowledge usage: the expertise and a specialist’s participation in investigation actions. The perspectives of special knowledge usage might be subdivided into the following groups: the adjustment of legal basis, the solution of organisational issues, the preparation of specialists and the raising of their qualification, the development of technical basis. It is proposed to prepare criminalists-technicians and experts in the Law Academy of Lithuania since there are several important and considerable reasons for this. First, criminalists-technicians work in me police structure and the specialists for the structure are prepared by the Law Academy of Lithuania. Second, a well-prepared modern teaching basis is available here and a sufficient material and intellectual potential is accumulated. Currently, there are no laws in Lithuania regulating the activities of non-expert institutions carrying out expertises and the issue of licences granting the right for persons to carry out expertises. A governmental Public Coordination Service for Expertise Issues should solve this by coordinating the activities of all expert institutions, licensing expert work and organising scientific methodological activities.
- Articles / Straipsniai