Mokslo programa "Nusikalstamumo Lietuvoje prognozė ir jo kontrolės perspektyvos" - kompleksinė ir strateginė Lietuvos mokslininkų užduotis
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Crime and its control problem is one of the most complicated research and practice problems. Fundamental scientific researches make basis to applied crime control researches and the latter makes an effective influence on practice that is peculiar to every country. What is being done in this sphere in Lithuania? In 1994-1997, the Law Academy of Lithuania together with the Institute of Law, the Institute of Forensic Sciences, Law Faculty of Vilnius University conducted research programme “Crime and Criminal Justice”. 143 As the experts of the Lithuanian Science Academy and the State Fund of Sciences and the State Fund of Science and Study stated, the programme answered its purpose, i.e. a preparation of concepts, programmes, normative act drafts and other suggestions how to make crime control in Lithuania more effective to the Seimas, Government and institutions of criminal justice of the Republic. The conducted researches form good fundamentals to develop and deepen research in crime control, as the results of scientific research are not to follow after the events, their main aim is to prepare a crime prognostic model and future vision of criminal justice. Therefore, the future project of the research programme “ Crime Prognosis in Lithuania and Perspectives of its Control” has been prepared. Lithuanian researchers – lawyers having compiled significant experience, gained their knowledge taking into consideration achievements of Eastern and Western science – can resolve to start a complicated and much work demanding complex research on crime prognosis and criminal justice. That is a strategic task to the Lithuanian science and researchers. The research programme is going to be conducted in four trends: The first trend – research on crime prognosis and taking it into consideration, creation of crime prevention model. The second trend – research on criminal, administrative and civil law development, with regard to crime prognosis, about the future criminal, administrative and civil law in the context of crime qualitative and quantitative changes. This trend can be called “Crime Prognosis and Means of Criminal, Administrative and Civil Law I nfluence for its Control”. The third trend will cover the research in the spheres of criminal process and criminalistics, taking into consideration crime prognosis. Relatively it can be called “Crime Prognosis and I nvestigation”. The fourth trend will cover the research on systems of law enforcement institutions and functions modelling. Researchers working under this trend should answer the question how law enforcement institutions should be structured, what model of their functions and subordination should be. Relatively this trend can be called “Crime Prognosis and Modelling of Criminal Justice Organisation”. We consider it to be purposeful to conduct the research on problems of criminology, criminal law, criminal process, criminalistics, criminal justice according to co-ordinated programmes, agreements between different research and study institutions in the framework of corresponding European Union programmes conducting joint projects to analyse complex interdisciplinary scientific problems.
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