Anforderungen an polizeiliche Bildungskonzepte in einem zusammenwachsenden Europa.
To analyse the requirements of the police training in the unifying Europe first of all means the necessity to establish the basis for the concepts that cross the boundaries of national states. A question arises then whether we agree and should agree with common European principles of thepolice training in the West and in the East. We should also assess how the concept might look like after estimation of regional safety, development of the police of European states, distinct police ethics and culture, multicultural aspects and the apparent development trends as determinant conditions. What consequences can this variety raise and what influence it has on general understanding of profession of the European police? The answers to these questions could be the bases of the police training in Europe. Succesfull co-operation among the police of European countries depends not only on the whole complex of actual and legal factors but also the comprehension of the significance of the functions carried out by the police. Citizens’ confidence in the police is also extremely important. First of all the outlooks, evaluations and professional competence are considered. Therefore, the requirements for the police training programmes are given priority. Higher qualification of the police will be indispensable after the internationalisation of many branches of the police. The police actions reflect the political and national culture of the state. Especially, it is the uniformed officer that by his behaviour symbolises the hopes and expectations of citizens. First of all this concerns young East European states experiencing reforms. More often than before, the police stands as a representative and indicator of current political culture. In all the European democracies, political culture is closely related to the police culture. Humane politics bared on the aspirations to European integration, peace, morals and education should act as the ground for the police-training concept. These are the aims of political institutions and a necessary condition for efficient functioning of the police in Europe. The principles of the police training also have to reflect the society’s and economy’s development trends in Europe. The aim of the police training is not only to confer knowledge. It is important to provide both professional qualification and develop personal and social viewpoints. Training should contribute to the evolution of European unity, which can exist together with close national and regional links. Not merely the principles outlined by the state but also every police officer’s personal preparation to foster one’s personality have most considerable influence on the training of the police of a state of the rule of law. The most important characteristics of a policeman should be honesty and tact, ability to retain self-control in stressful conditions, friendly collectiveness, but not complicity, professional correctness, but not legalised narrow-mindedness, healthy ambitions but not seeking honour or careerism, courage and- devotion but not recklessness.
- Straipsniai / Articles