Psichologinis bendruomenės kūrimo Lietuvoje modelis
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The article deals with the problem of community building in Lithuania. The aim of the article is to develop the psychological model of Community building in Lithuania, based on the analysis of the understanding of the term „community´, social situation in Lithuania, the expierence of Community building in West European countries and USA and analysis of psychological and social problems of community building in developing countries. The model was developed, according data of social situation in Lithuania, the experience of Community building in foreign countries and data of research of learning needs and psychological characteristics of adults as learners in Lithuania (Beresnevičienė, 1995, Beresnevičienė, 1996b, Beresnevičienė, 1996c, Beresnevičienė 1999). According to the author, the psychological model of Community building in Lithuania consists of three parts: 1) development and self-development of the personality traits and competencies of social worker (acceptance and understanding of his role in the situation of meaningful learning, the development of the openness, emphaty and truth approach in his work with the clients, development of adequate self-esteem and expectations to the clients and pozitive attitude towards lifelong learning, with the aim to improve his competencies); 2) development of clients’ motivation to socialization (appearance and further development of clients motivation to socialization, development of his reliance to the memebers of community and to himself; development of self-esteem of the client); 3) creation of adequate sociocultural, educational and psychological conditions of the life in the community (evaluation of psychosocial needs of community members; choosing of appropriate methods of social work with the clients; development of social skills of community members).
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