Application of flexible enployment forms in Lithuania.
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A number of reasons led to the attempts to resort to flexible forms of employment in Lithuania. Among them is the process of integration to the European Union, globalization of economics and related changes in labour market, the need to increase the level of employment, reconcile professional and family life, the need to secure equality of women and men. By means of comparative and analytical methods the article focuses on legal regulation of employment in general and flexible forms of employment in particular, also recent amendments to the legal regulation and possible venues of its improvement. The author does not seek to provide a comprehensive analysis of the issues mentioned; instead the major focus is on certain aspects of flexible forms of employment that the author considers essential in order to disclose the problematic aspects of current legal regulation. Declaring the need to improve the living and working conditions of workers Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights for Workers besides open-ended contracts suggests maintaining also other forms of employment such as the fixed-term contracts, part-time, temporary work and seasonal work contracts. Recently in the EU the number of workers working under the flexible forms of employment has improved significantly. The reasons for this phenomenon are numerous: the need to reduce the costs of production, increase the productivity, flexibility of employers on the market, changes in the nature of work, increase of a number of working women, etc. A reasonable question is whether Lithuania should implement the flexible forms of employment, which groups of the society would be affected by this and whether necessary political, economic and legal conditions are satisfied for this purpose. It is also important to foresee whether introduction of flexible forms of employment and their application would have negative consequences on such social benefits like health insurance, pensions, holidays, guarantees and compensations to be paid upon dismissal from work.
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