Teisės socialinio veikimo modeliavimas ir jo ribos: sociologinis požiūris.
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The purpose of this research is to analyze the model of the social operations of law from the perspective of the sociology of law and to define the present boundaries of the modeling of this effect. The boundaries of modeling appear due to the insufficient empirical experience of the social operations of law. The modeling of the social operations of law relies on the perception of the totality of real intermediate conditions and processes which affect law within the context of social relationships as it comes into existence and the interval in which it is applied. These intermediate conditions and processes of law are fashioned by the interrelationships between law and other important social factors and the mechanisms through which law operates. This is what underlies the understanding of the evolution of law from the forms of its manifestation to the structure of its application and its operating mechanisms. The present article formulates the notion of the modeling of the social operations of law and analyzes the mechanisms of the functioning of law. The mechanisms are defined as following: 1) legal (mechanism of legal regulation); 2) social (in its narrow sense); 3) psychological; 4) informational-communicational. The social operations of law can be modeled only after having estimated the role of the latter mechanisms and having revealed the regularities of their effect on law. The relationship between society's self-regulatory processes and the regulation implemented by the government also affects the operation of the social mechanisms of law. This relationship is a difficult one to define, therefore it complicates the accuracy of the modeling of the social operations of law. Therefore, one of the directions in which modern theory of law is to be developed should be the providing of a consistent theoretical basis for the social operations of law. The present article reviews the problems (boundaries) related to the modeling of the social operations of law. The main conclusions which the article points out embrace all the levels of the social operations of law: 1) the level of the systems of social control; 2) the level of social factors; 3) the level of the systems of the transmission of legal information; 4) the level of the regulated systems and the consequences of legitimate behavior.
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