Policijos funkcijos įgyvendinimo efektyvumas: viešųjų ir privačių interesų derinimo problema.
The article deals with enforcement of policing in Lithuania. Enforcement of policing in the market economy and competitive environment is becoming a problem of not only public at large, but of private law and order institutions as well. The society has to find a proper balance in choosing the subject to enforce its security: that is it has to choose between the police and private security service. The choice accounts for the problem of adjustment of private and public relations in the sphere of law and order. The article analyses the concept of law and order and its relation to personal security and public order. It is topical when defining the object and boundaries of activities of the police and private security service. It is worthwhile mentioning that current situation of enforcement of law and order is evaluated by citizens and the state as well. The reason for that is wrong legal evaluation of functions of the police. The police often has to find proper balance between functions of law and order and law enforcement, in other words the police is assigned a dual function: to conduct criminal prosecution and enforce public order and public security. It is this balance, which causes a number of problems when evaluating efficiency of police activities and in increasing the confidence of the police in society. Changes in the market urge the restructuring of the system of law and order. The police is not the sole monopolist of the function, as it is not capable of guaranteeing both security of public and private interests. The author draws a conclusion that the police management system has to be reorganized with regard to three major functions: social–legal, economic, organizational and political. Reorientation of police functions is nothing but privatisation of policing.
- Articles / Straipsniai