Lietuvos Respublikos Aukščiausios Tarybos prezidiumo konstitucinis statusas - santykių su vykdomąja valdžia aspektas.
In analyzing the constitutional system of the Republic of Lithuania within the framework of the Provisional Fundamental Law (1990-1992), it is of vital importance to highlight one circumstance of an essential character - this constitutional act of the said transitional period in the statehood of Lithuania enshrined an inconsistent and controversial justice system of state authorities of the Republic of Lithuania. The underlying feature of this phenomenon was that this system was taken over from the soviet period and adapted to the transitional period, i.e. till the adoption of the Constitution of October 25, 1992. One of the most striking characteristic features of the state authorities’ framework was the fact that the constitutional system provided for the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Lithuania. Although the basic features of the status of this state institution were set forth by the Provisional Fundamental Law, the role of the Presidium was conditioned by a number of other circumstances of a political and legal character. The article discusses the general issues pertaining to the constitutional status of the Presidium. Attention is focused on one of the overriding aspects of this status - relations with the Government and other institutions of the executive branch of power. This particular aspect is unfolded by, first of all, analyzing political and legal interrelations between the Presidium and the Government. With a view to achieving a more thorough assessment of the interaction between the said authorities, acts by the Presidium formulating political and legal directives to the Government as well as to other chains of state administration are subjected to analysis.
- Straipsniai / Articles