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dc.contributor.authorObrazcovas, Vladimiras
dc.contributor.authorSavas, Emanuel Steve
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-26T13:47:08Z
dc.date.available2015-02-26T13:47:08Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/public-policy-and-administration/article/view/2410/2217
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/13607
dc.description.abstractThe article presents the theoretical basis for privatisation. The vast jumble of goods and services can be sorted and classified according to two characteristics: exclusion and consumption. Goods and services are subject to exclusion if the potential user of the goods can be denied the goods or excluded from using them unless he meets the conditions set by the potential suppliers. The other relevant characteristic of goods and services has to do with consumption. Some goods may be used or consumed jointly and simultaneously by many customers without being diminished in quality or quantity, while other goods are available only for individual (rather then joint) consumption; that is, if they are used by one consumer, they are not available for consumption by other. Goods can be classified according to the degree to which they possess these two properties. The result is four idealised kinds of goods: individual goods (characterised by exclusion and individual consumption), toll goods (exclusion and joint consumption), common-pool goods (nonexclusion and individual consumption), and collective goods (nonexclusion and joint consumption). The resulting classification determines the roles of government and of the nongovernmental (private) institutions of society in supplying the goods and services. It examines the basic goods and services that people want and need and discusses the intrinsic characteristics that permit them to be categorised usefully as private, toll, common pool, or collective goods. It clarifies the role of collective action in supplying each of these kinds of goods.en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titlePrivatizacijos teorijaen
dc.title.alternativeTheory of privatizationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltStraipsnio tikslas – atskleisti privatizacijos teorijos pagrindus. Pagrindinis dėmesys skiriamas prekių ir paslaugų klasifikacijai pagal atskyrimo ir vartojimo kriterijus. Aptariamas kiekvieno kriterijaus poveikis privatizacijai. Dvi savybės – atskyrimas ir vartojimas – sudaro du diagramos matmenis ir yra pavaizduotos kaip kintami dydžiai. Analizuojamos pagrindinio diagramos modelio grynosios prekių formos: 1) individualios prekės (dažnai vadinamos privačiomis); 2) bendrai mokamos prekės; 3) visiems prieinamos prekės; 4) kolektyvinės prekės (dažnai vadinamos viešosiomis). Ši prekių klasifikacija rodo, kad prekės – privačios, neprivačios, bendros arba kolektyvinės – esmė apibrėžia vartotojų norą mokėti už ją. Prekės esmė taip pat nustato, reikia ar nereikia kolektyvinio tarpininkavimo tiekiant patenkinamos kokybės ir kiekybės prekes. Analizuojama, kokio dydžio turėtų būti kolektyvas, sprendžiantis kolektyvinių prekių naudojimą.en
dc.identifier.aleph000001949en
dc.publication.sourceViešoji politika ir administravimas, 2005, Nr. 12en
dc.subject.facultyPolitikos ir vadybos fakultetasen
dc.subject.keywordPrivatizacijaen
dc.subject.keywordIndividualios prekėsen
dc.subject.keywordKolektyvinės prekėsen
dc.subject.keywordVertingos prekėsen
dc.subject.keywordPrivatizationen
dc.subject.keywordExclusionen
dc.subject.keywordConsumptionen
dc.subject.keywordGoods and servicesen
dc.subject.keywordCollective goodsen
dc.subject.publicationtypeS5en
dc.subject.sciencedirection03S - Vadybaen


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