Savižudybės medicininiai ir teisiniai aspektai.
Pečkaitis, Justinas Sigitas
Radavičius, Liaudginas Erdvilas
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The importance and significance of the problem is of universal nature. In the article the definition and the main reasons of suicide are presented. A suicide can be a voluntary, premeditated action; it may turn an impulsive, unexpected act, while in some cases it may be committed under pressure of material or other motives. In the course of history social attitude towards suicide differed from that of tolerance towards acceptation, then towards despise and even punishment. These changes are illustrated by numerous cases in history, starting with the analysis of attitudes in ancient India, Arabian world, Judaic and old European countries and moving on towards quite recent Soviet and, eventually, present times. The article deals with modern attitudes towards suicides; it analyses suicidal epidemiology in the world and Lithuania, classifies the ways of commitment, and prevention. At present, suicide is interpreted as a highly complex phenomenon which depends on psychological, biological and social factors - those are analysed in detail; the effect of suicide on related people and society is broadly discussed...
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