Šiuolaikinė nusikaltimų tyrimo koncepcija ir jos kriminalistinis bei procesinis užtikrinimas. Pirmieji rezultatai
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Since 2001, the researchers of the Law University of Lithuania jointly with the colleagues from Vilnius University and Forensic Institute have been carrying out a complex research according to the research program “Dynamics, Prognosis, Control Trends of Criminality and Modern Conception of Criminalistics”. This program continues the scientific research of criminality problems of the 1994–1997 program, taking into consideration social, economic and other processes within the state, analyses the problems of criminality and its influence to the state processes at a new level and by integrating knowledge of different social sciences. The aim of the program is to thoroughly and objectively analyze the problems of crime investigation, to develop the modern conception of their investigation, to prepare recommendations based on scientific research and suggestions on how to accelerate the legal reform in Lithuania, make criminal justice more effective and increase the results of crime investigation. The article focuses on the realization of the second trend of the program “Modern Conception of Crime Investigation and Its Criminalistic and Procedural Assurance”. The research of this trend is structured into closely interrelating theorems and applied themes. While implementing the scientific research of all these themes it is essential to take into consideration both the aspects of future criminalistic development (strategy of criminalistics), dynamics of criminality (prognostic aspect) and achievements of crime investigation technique and achievements of other sciences that could already be applied in the practice of crime investigation. It is essential to assure effective crime investigation by using criminalistic means, to develop perspective criminalistic tactics and methods. Besides, in preparing criminalistic recommendations, it is necessary to take into consideration the changes in criminal and criminal procedure laws, which is also very important for the improvement of tactics and methods and creation of new methods.
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