Valstybės ir regionų valdymo institucijų vaidmuo inovacijų sklaidos procese
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High technology development and innovation transfer process is one of the backgrounds for economic development and modernization. The state and regional (local) administrative bodies are concerned in this field, because they go by the assumption that science and technology fuel economic growth. But they misconstrue the transformation of an innovative success to a market success process. The state and regional programs support explanations of the innovation process that are relatively simple and linear. But the relationship of science to technology and technology to economic growth is complex, interactive and iterative. To explain them the system approach is needed. Too often government programs address the initial transfer of technology that leads to new products, but they do not address the process improvements that are needed by firms for them to maintain a competitive status. The economic impact and development are the end purpose of state and regional innovation transfer support initiatives. But state technology transfer efforts should be viewed more in terms of a response to concerns over the competitiveness crisis. The primary objective of local (regional) economic development policies, including technology–based policies, is to provide jobs. It is obviously that entirely initiatives of state or private forces don’t suffice to make the technology transfer process effective. But the participation of the state and local administration bodies in innovation transfer is essential. The discussion whether the state is loosing its role in the regional development and innovation transfer process area or not has no answers. There are some fields where the state has more competence, and some problems that must be solved by regions themselves. The most effect can be getting participatory by state, local or regional administration and business organizations or local communities.
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