Lietuvos teisės derinimas rengiantis narystei Europos Sąjungoje bei į ją įstojus.
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The present article describes the process of harmonisation of Lithuanian national law with regard to the integration into European Union and forthcoming membership. The actual process of harmonisation may be divided into three phases. Every harmonisation phase may be characterised by the certain specific features. First phase, from year 1996 to November 1, 2002 (cut-off date) marked the very beginning and fast development of the harmonisation mechanisms and procedures. During this phase the institutional and legal base for the harmonisation was created. The European Committee under the Government of the Republic of Lithuania was established as a central co-ordination institution; the necessary legal amendments to the laws were made, in particular, the obligation to harmonise national law with acquis communautaire. The harmonisation in the first phase dealt only with well-defined (by the Commission) scope of acquis. Second phase will last from November 1, 2002 up to accession date (May 1, 2004). During the current phase the harmonisation shall be continued not only regarding existing acquis, but also towards new developments. The Governmental institutions, responsible for the drafting of legal acts, shall closely follow new EU legislation and shall prepare to take appropriate measures in order to harmonise new legislation with the new acquis. Third phase of the harmonisation will start after the accession (May 1, 2004). It will be characterised by entirely new functions and mechanism for the harmonisation. Lithuanian Government will take an active part in EU legislation process, i.e. Lithuania will become and active creator of the acquis. The preparation for this phase has already started. The Accession Treaty includes clauses on participation of Lithuania representatives in all EU institutions, in order to get acquainted with the legislative procedures. The national legislative and executive institutions shall elaborate detailed processes how the EU legislative initiatives and results will be discussed within national institutions.
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