Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidento institucijos atkūrimo 1990-1992 metais kai kurie teisiniai, politiniai ir istoriniai aspektai.
The exceptional phenomenon of the constitutional process in 1990–1992, i. e. of the period when the Provisional Basic Law was in force, was efforts to restore the institution of the President of the Republic of Lithuania, to determine its constitutional status, and relations with other structures of state power. The process of the restoration of the institution of the President of the Republic of Lithuania during the period when the Provisional Basic Law was in force was complicated as the discussions concerning this issue went on under acute political confrontation. While developing the content of the constitutional status of the President of the Republic, one would have to take into regard some aspects of this activity. First of all, the place of the President of the Republic in the constitutional system of state institutions was provided for in many constitutional drafts that were prepared and published in 1990–1992. In their provisions various points of view were expressed concerning the definition of the future Head of State, his constitutional status, competence, relations with the legislative and executive power, etc. In the process of the restoration of the institution of the President of the Republic of Lithuania, one has particularly to point out the activities of the Lithuanian “Sąjūdis“ and other political organisations while striving immediately to bring back the office of the head of the State into the Lithuanian constitutional system and to determine his powers. Although these suggestions and actions complicated the constitutional process, however, it is obvious that the aspiration of political powers to restore immediately the office of the Head of the State within the framework of the Provisional Basic Law stimulated drafting of the Constitution more intensively and quickened this process.
- Straipsniai / Articles