Lietuvos muitinės pareigūnų pareigybių kvalifikacinių reikalavimų nustatymo problematika.
The article analyses the problems that are presently topical to the Lithuanian Customs and related to the general (on acceptance to the service with the Customs) and specific (obligatory to specific duties according to the type of work to he performed) qualification requirements, selection of requirements for career levels and their determination for every capacity. The article presents a brief review on from where and why a necessity to determine these requirements emerged as well as on what requirements should be provided for, taking into consideration the experience of the EU member states. Using the analysis, systemic, logical and comparative methods, the article discusses more in detail qualification requirements raised to customs officials of the EU countries and presents the proposals, recommendations, comments and conclusions of the representatives (experts) from the EU Commission, Eurocustoms and EU countries to the Lithuanian Customs on preparation of the qualification requirements for the capacities of the Lithuanian Customs officials. Furthermore, the concrete examples of the Italian Customs Service are presented by considering the requirements of every career level. The purpose of this article is to provide information on qualification requirements raised to the customs officials of the EU member states that should be taken into consideration on determining the qualification requirements for the Lithuanian customs officials. The article is comprised of three parts. The first part reveals the experience of the EU states and its application on preparing the qualification requirements for the Lithuanian Customs officials. Career levels (from A to C level) set for customs officials in the EU states are covered. A short description of qualification requirements raised to every career level is presented, possibilities to adapt these requirements on determining the qualification requirements for the Lithuanian Customs officials have been analysed. Taking into consideration the proposals, comments and recommendations laid down in the article, it is necessary to emphasize that, though the present experience of the EU states as well as assistance rendered by their representatives show very clearly the state of the Lithuanian Customs after the EU accession, however, only the Lithuanian Customs itself has to make decisions on all the above indicated issues. There are no EU directives that could assist to develop and determine the methods for the preparation and application of qualification requirements at the Lithuanian Customs. However, it would be expedient to build upon the examples of foreign countries, since, as the character of work performed by all Customs services is similar, the methods of different states become gradually more and more uniform. The Lithuanian Customs have to follow all the best practice of other states and to adapt their experience in its activity. The same refers to the preparation of the qualification requirements for the capacities of the Lithuanian Customs officials. In addition, the qualification requirements for the Lithuanian Customs officials are very important criteria according to which the requirements are set and the planning of customs officials carrier is accomplished, the achievements and performance of concrete customs officials are evaluated and compared. Therefore, the functions of the Lithuanian Customs, regional customs offices and posts will have to be analysed on preparing the qualification requirements for the officials of the Lithuanian Customs administration and posts, since it is obvious that a lot of operations accomplished within the Customs (in particular, on the border) will change and disappear on Lithuania’s integration into the EU. Within this context, it mil be necessary to reorganise the Lithuanian Customs professional system, to change the structure. However, this can be very dangerous, since the staff will be reallocated, border regime will change, the application of some regimes (transit, tariff information, inward processing, etc.) will become more active. At the same time, control functions necessarily in line with the parameters set by the EU will have to be introduced, and this will have to be supervised by the Lithuanian Customs. It is obvious that the set parameters and functions as well as types of control will change.
- Straipsniai / Articles