Kai kurie žmogaus ir pilietinių teisių apribojimo atvejai statutinėse organizacijose.
The issue of securing human and civic rights and freedoms has been and remains one of the most important functions of a public management in a democratic state. Its significance especially increased after the World War II, when the Nurnberg Trial Procedure solved the fascist crimes against humanity. Recently, the notion of human rights has assumed a new meaning, for it is not limited only by the needs of an individual. A person is conceived as a social being, that combines individual and collective human rights. Lithuanian institutions have always encountered with the issue of human and civic rights while organization of statutory institutions service and every-day life. The major aspects of this issue would be the following: the possibilities for the representatives of religion minorities to officiate according to their traditions unreasonably limited; the rights of military officers and other statutory organizations (officers from military, police organizations, state security departments) to be elected to the Parliament and Local Government Councils as well as establish trade unions and take part in their activities. The constraints might have appeared for the following reasons: in the process of creating normative acts, the experience of the inter-war Lithuania was considered, and the democracy of that time could not solve the similar issues; so far, there has been no precedent in statute organizations, that would attract politicians attention to the flaws in the legal basis and therefore there have been no measures applied to eliminate them; in case of a precedent, the flaws of the legal basis could be justified by some stipulations provided in the documents of the UN. However, the above-mentioned constraints conflict with the provisions of the documents are analyzed in the text and should be well grounded and their reasons should be publicly revealed, since when the reasons are disguised the officers have doubts over the state s trust in them and this in a sense negatively influence them. Therefore, Lithuania being a member of the United Nations, has to implement all obligations and take measures to prevent from the potential negative precedents in the field of civic rights and to make possibilities for representatives of religious minorities in the army to officiate as well as make it possible for the officials of statutory organizations to exercise civic rights and be a member of the Parliament, Councils of Local Government and establish trade unions. After granting such possibilities, the growing state trust in officials would be demonstrated as well as a large contribution in developing the states civic society.
- Straipsniai / Articles