Lenkijos policijos teisė: funkcinis požiūris į sistemą.
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Recently, the issue of police law as separate law science is essential in many countries and forms different views and ideas among the scientists. Disputes arise on the police law regulation field and police law legal regulation object, i.e. what public relations are to be assigned to be regulated by police law. The question arises if the rules of law regulating the activity of one institution can be referred to as separate law science or such rules of law do regulate the activities of many other institutions, not only of the police as an institution. Solutions to the above–formulated problematic provisions are analyzed in this article. Each state regularly performs the set of public administration functions, such as lawmaking, law implementation organizing, and concern for public welfare. Regular state functioning cannot be imagined without state functions with the help of which people are protected from endless number of dangers that may occur because of nature disasters or illegal actions of other people. Such functions are defined as state police functions in the legal literature. The issue of police functions definition is developed in the article as well as the conditions for systemizing of institutions performing state police functions in Poland are analyzed. The authors reach the conclusion that it is possible to analyze police law content through the system of functional viewpoint towards public relations originating from the field of ensuring the safety of person, public or state. The characteristics and main tasks of the main institutions performing the state police functions are also briefly discussed in the article.
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