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dc.contributor.authorGrinevičiūtė, Kristina
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-29T14:06:20Z
dc.date.available2015-01-29T14:06:20Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/societal-studies/article/view/1892/3739
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/13326
dc.description.abstractLithuanian Law provides criminal liability for evasion of child’s maintenance (Article 164 of the CC). This norm directly criminalizes civil law breach, i.e. such crime allows punishing for debts (debt for child’s maintenance, occurred on the basis of court decision). In practice, non-fulfillment of the court decision of child’s maintenance raises a number of questions, whereas it is not clear from which moment the person is held criminally liable and when it is enough to apply other techniques. The criteria of predetermining convicting of a person are not clear. This article analyzes the evasion of child’s maintenance and the problems of its criminal legal evaluation. The objective of the article is to define criminal liabilities for evasion of child’s maintenance according to court decision criteria on the basis of systematic, logical court practice analysis. Evasion of child’s maintenance is predetermined by the existing social problem and its solution demand. Crime does not distinguish itself with smooth legal technique, however, the evasion of child’s maintenance cannot be categorically excluded (decriminalized), whereas civil law means are insufficient to defend interests of aggrieved children. Criminal liability is an efficient method to deal with criminals, evading child’s maintenance, however, this shall not be evaluated as a principal, efficient measure for solution of such type of issues. This means that criminal liability shall be applied only in exceptional cases, when it is impossible to apply lenient measures (of civil or administrative procedure). In criminal codes of foreign countries non-fulfillment of the duty to maintain a child has an individual legal meaning and is considered a crime. Criteria of evasion of child’s maintenance (consequences, crime commission method, duration, etc.), established in criminal codes of foreign countries, are also widely applicable in practice of Lithuanian courts. Components of crime related to evasion of child’s maintenance are noninformative, according to the described essential elements, as this essential element does not demonstrate greater hazard of the act and is improper restriction criterion. Credit legal status aggravating criterion is highly efficient for restriction of criminal and civil liability in cases referred to in this category. However, according to Article 164 of the CC, criminal liability shall occur in case if the person’s property status and ability to work, nature of the breach, damage sustained due to failure to act or potential damage, duration, abuse really allow deciding on great hazard of such inactivity and significant negation of the object defended by this legal norm.en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titleVengimo išlaikyti vaiką baudžiamojo teisinio vertinimo problemosen
dc.title.alternativeEvasion of child’s maintenance and the problems of its criminal legal evaluationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltStraipsnyje analizuojamas vengimo išlaikyti vaiką nusikaltimas, numatytas Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo kodekso 164 straipsnyje. Apžvelgiamas šio nusikaltimo atsiradimas baudžiamajame įstatyme, analizuojami argumentai dėl tokios veikos kriminalizavimo pagrįstumo ir būtinumo. Autorė pateikia nuomonę, jog baudžiamoji atsakomybė už tokią veiką neprarado savo socialinės svarbos ir kriminalizavimas yra pagrįstas. Straipsnyje iškeliami vengimo išlaikyti vaiką normos trūkumai, analizuojamas teisinis atsakomybės už šį nusikaltimą reglamentavimas užsienio valstybių įstatymuose, pateikiami kriterijai, padėsiantys aiškiau nustatyti bei motyvuoti baudžiamosios atsakomybės taikymą už vaiko išlaikymo pareigos nevykdymą. Teorinė analizė grindžiama teismų praktika. Atlikus teorinę ir teismų praktikos analizę, daroma išvada, kad norint pritaikyti BK 164 straipsnį turėtų būti nustatomi papildomi kriterijai, sustiprinantys argumentus taikant baudžiamąją atsakomybę – kreditoriaus teisinės padėties apsunkinimo, žalos, kaltininko darbingumo, turtinės padėties ir kt. Straipsnyje pasiūlyti kylančių nusikaltimo kvalifikavimo problemų sprendimo variantai.en
dc.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.13165/SMS-14-6-2-11en
dc.editorial.boardYraen
dc.identifier.aleph000018544en
dc.publication.sourceSocialinių mokslų studijos, 2014, Nr. 6(2)en
dc.subject.facultyTeisės fakultetasen
dc.subject.keywordVengimasen
dc.subject.keywordVaiko išlaikymasen
dc.subject.keywordVaikasen
dc.subject.keywordBaudžiamoji atsakomybėen
dc.subject.keywordEvasionen
dc.subject.keywordChild maintenanceen
dc.subject.keywordChilden
dc.subject.keywordCriminal liabilityen
dc.subject.publicationtypeS3en
dc.subject.sciencedirection01S - Teisėen


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