Konstitucinė teisė į nemokamą gydymą: interpretavimo problemos.
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The right to free of charge treatment belongs to the group of social human rights. The implementation of this group of human rights usually depends on the economic situation of the state and its social policy, and, in particular, right to free charge treatment depends on the health protection policy of the state. Nevertheless, in lots of cases the right to free of charge treatment has constitutional basis, as the grounds for this human right are established in the constitutions of the states (e.g. Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Russia, etc.). In Lithuania the right to free of charge health protection is established in Article 53 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, which establishes that the state shall take care of people’s health and shall guarantee medical aid and services in the event of sickness, and the procedure for providing medical aid to citizens free of charge at state health care institutions shall be established by law. In fact, the obligation of the state to take care of people’s health and guarantee medical aid and services in the event of sickness, includes the obligation to guarantee the right to the free of charge treatment, however, the extent of such free of charge treatment, and the procedure of the rendering of free of charge treatment shall be established by laws. In order to comply with the minimum standards of free of charge treatment, at least the essential medical aid shall be guaranteed to all persons, and such aid shall comply with accessability and acceptability principles.
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