Teismo ekonominė ekspertizė Lietuvoje 2004 metais.
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Law system reform in Lithuania touched upon the area of forensic examination. Experts from Forensic Science Centre of Lithuania began compete with private forensic experts by their knowledge and experience in such way: experts’ economists with auditors and inspectors. Turning of various specialists into forensic experts -economists promotes new problems related with variety of methodological research, private experts’ independence, experts’ collaboration. System of economical examination in Lithuania must be formed with responsibility including auditors and property appraisers, ensuring uniform methodology, exchanging experts’ experience and strengthening their independence. Auditor, which intents to become forensic expert, must get forensic expert’s qualification. The goal of this article is to review getting on practice of economic forensic examination within last period. Auditors’ and inspectors’ tasks, its relation with economic forensic examination are discussed in details, methodological, process and practical differences of expert economist’s or auditor’s activity are indicated, authors propose to improve practice of forensic expert’s preparation. Great attention is directed to economic examinations done in Forensic Science Centre of Lithuania, its kinds and tasks, structure of examinations are presented. Value of statement of examination is properly adapted method of expert research. Examinations are done by means of examinational methods of document verification, comparison and contrary verification, control comparison, research of overall quantitative account, economic analysis, computer aided account. Examinations meeting with the loss of information basis are done employing indirect methods of research that usually have been employed in analysis of transaction prices, determining tax basis, quantity of black money. In examinational practice more frequently indirect research methods are employed and principal of it is method of economic model. Problems of indirect application of methodology are discussed, that illustrated by generalized samples of examinational practice. Application of methods of economic modeling needs new scientific knowledge, preparedness and extensive historical and analogue information, quantitative viewpoint. In examinations done indirect method it is necessary to evaluate competitive environment, to take account for circumstances of the activity of enterprises, changes of market conjuncture and inflation. Doing the calculation of black money and prognosis it is necessary to do presumption about equal distribution of earnings in time and among economy subjects but it not always corresponds to reality and it enables to employ the method of arithmetical mean. In earnings prognosis by method of linear extrapolation it is necessary to calculate limits of confiding interval of the prognosis. Expert’s opinion on (he basis of indirect methods is problematic. Instilling quality management system in Forensic Science Centre of Lithuania will provide an excellent provision to do inventory, revision, classification of existing methods, to outline landmarks for seeking improvement expert’s work reserve. After becoming of Lithuania the member of European Union the best European practice must be adopted and employed in the area of forensic examination.
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