Kūdikių namų auklėtinių tėvų socialinės reabilitacijos aspektas
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Child’s normal development is possible in full value family only. People, who can’t bring up their children, are the problematic part of the society. At present time solving the questions of social rehabilitation in the care institutions, the main attention is paid to the child’s problems of socialization. But parents of the child are a compound part of the process. Demographic characteristic of the parents, who refused their children and the possibilities of social rehabilitation of them are presented in this article. New aspects of social work in the care institutions are discussed as well. Research that was done in the infant homes of Lithuania is a pilot research, that’s why we can’t do exact conclusions; but we clarify some tendencies, that are common to all infant homes of Lithuania. 50 children from infant homes and 42 parents (35 mothers and 7 fathers) took part in the research. The analyses of the data revealed that 1) adults with special needs (mental retardation most of all) are not ready to take care for their children independently; 2) there is no specialized institutions to prepare and help them to deal with their problems and duties; 3) at the same time problems of social welfare, job, social guaranties became painfully evident; 4) people grown up in care institutions hardly integrates into social environment and social life.
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